Spoon Nail

Spoon Nail

Spoon nail is curled finger nails. This is wherever the ends of your nail plate bend up, and appears as a little spoon. If the condition is rigorous, the finger nail will be easily broken and generally there will be fractures in the nail. This type of nail problem is caused by a little trauma […]

Splenomegaly

Splenomegaly

Splenomegaly is a magnification of the spleen. The spleen generally stays in the left upper quadrant (LUQ) of abdomen of human being. It is a one cardinal sign of the four cardinal signs of hypersplenism which is some decreasing in the number of circulating blood cells disturbing erythrocytes , granulocytes, or platelets in any combination. […]

Solar Lentigo

Solar Lentigo

Solar lentigo is also recognizable as Liver spots, Lentigo senilis, Old age spot as well as senile freckle. These are rashes on the skin connected with aging and contact to ultraviolet radiation from the sun. They vary in color from light brown to red or black. They are placed in arenas most frequently uncovered to […]

Solar Dermatitis

Solar Dermatitis

Solar Dermatitis is another name of sun rashes. Generally children young women as well are the sufferer from the skin trouble. Extended contact to sun is the chief reason behind the creation of these itchy bumps. The main cause of this is harmful UV sun rays. This is a very common trouble which can be […]

Sebaceous Cyst

Sebaceous Cyst

The tiny bumps or lumps under the skin are termed as Sebaceous Cyst. They are tiny sacs full of a protein called Keratin which is cheesy looking with a stinking smell. Generally they grow in the neck, face and trunk but also are found in the genital and vaginal area. These are the results of […]

Pterygium

Pterygium

It is the growth of the conjunctiva, the thin tissue above the eye, extending onto the corneal surface. The condition appears as a wing like triangular membrane; and can be seen on neck, elbows and ankles also. In some cases it is responsible for the distortion of the corneal topography, but most off the time […]

Pseudogout Picture

Pseudogout Picture

Pseudo gout is a condition in which the patients suffer attacks of arthritis. The attacks so caused are due to deposits of calcium pyrophosphate crystals in the joints (like elbow, wrist,knees) . These calcium-containing deposits are called chondro-calcinosis. The symptoms may be similar to those in gout in which the pain and swelling occurs in […]

Proptosis

Proptosis

It is a condition of the eye (especially), in which the eyeball is displaced forward. Here the unilateral asymmetric protrusion of one eye, by 2 mm, is seen. The measurement of the degree of bulging of eyeball can be performed by using exopthalmometer. Complete or partial dislocation of the eyeball from the orbit is also […]

Prophase

Prophase

The process of cell division is known as mitosis. Prophase is the first stage of mitosis, during which the chromosomes condense and become visible, the nuclear membrane breaks down, and the spindle apparatus forms at opposite poles of the cell. Here the chromosomes are identical chromatids connected at the center by a centromere, forming an […]

Promyelocytic Leukemia

Promyelocytic Leukemia

Promyelocytic Leukemia is a type of acute myeloid leukemia, in which too many immature blood-forming cells are found in the blood and bone marrow. It is a quickly progressing disease. It was first recognized as a distinct disease in 1957. It is more commonly known as retinoic acid receptor alpha fusion protein. In case of […]

Prokaryotic

Prokaryotic

The organisms lacking a cell nucleus are called as the prokaryotes. They also lack any membrane bound organelle. And anything associated with these prokaryotes is called as prokaryotic. In prokaryotic cells, every cell body is free to move anywhere inside the cell; unlike the eukaryotic cells where every cell body (like nucleus, mitochondria) is bound […]

Prickly Heat

Prickly Heat

Also known a heat rashes or miliaria ruba; it is an itchy, red rash on your skin caused by blocked sweat glands. Generally the condition is widely associated with infants and people visiting hot countries. In babies the reason is the underdeveloped sweat glands. These things appear as tiny, pinpoint, pink to clear bumps formed […]

Porphyria Picture

Porphyria Picture

Porphyria picture is a group of genetic disorders of the blood. In this condition, substances called porphyrins are built up in the blood. These porphyrins often cause rashes, which are brought on by exposure to sunlight and/or may be due to reactions to certain drugs. The patient must avoid exposure to sunlight and take drugs […]

Porphyria Cutanea Tarda

Porphyria Cutanea Tarda

It is a term encompassing a group of familial and acquired disorders in which there is a deficiency in the activity of the heme synthetic enzyme uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. Heme is the most important and vital molecule of our body, associated with the hemoglobin, which carries the oxygen in the blood. The signs can be first […]

Popliteal Pulse

Popliteal Pulse

It is the pulsation of the popliteal artery; and is best palpated in the popliteal fossa with the patient lying prone with the knee flexed. The popliteal artery flows through the back of the knee. The pulse so observed is not due to pulsing of blood through the arteries, but it is the shock wave […]

Popliteal Cyst

Popliteal Cyst

The synovial fluid found in the bone joints. Whenever joint is traumatized, large amount of fluid is secreted by the synovium, which makes its way out of a weakest part and leads to the formation of so called cyst. The popliteal cyst is the same type of cyst and is found in the back of […]

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic Ovary

It is a condition in which there is an imbalance of female sex hormones in the woman. This hormone imbalance may cause changes in the menstrual cycle and some changes in the skin changes. It is most common type of female endocrine disorders. It is an inherited genetic conition.The symptoms vary greatly among affected women, […]

Polycystic Kidney Disease

Polycystic Kidney Disease

It is an inherited disease, passing down through families, in which kidneys become enlarged due to the formation of multiple cysts. It exists in two forms viz. autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease. The cysts may travel to other parts of the body like the liver. In early stage of […]

Poison Sumac

Poison Sumac

It is the inflammation of skin which is caused when your skin comes in contact with the oil(sap) of the sumac plant. The sap is present in all parts of the plants including the leaves, stems, flowers and roots, which can easily come in contact to anyone. Itchy skin, red lines and bumps filled with […]

Poison Oak

Poison Oak

Also known as the contact dermatitis, it is the inflammation of the skin caused by direct contact of the skin with the sap of the Oak tree. The sap contains irritant or allergen. The irritant type of condition resembles a lesion caused by burning. Being the most common type of inflammation it includes inflammation which […]

Pneumonia

Pneumonia

It is a breathing or respiratory condition in which, the patient finds an infection in the lungs. Generally it is caused due to infection, but there are non-infection conditions also. The main infection causing agents are bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. The most common pneumonia-causing germ in adults is Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus). Symptoms include cough […]

Ovarian Dermoid Cyst

Ovarian Dermoid Cyst

It is a type of ovarian cyst which may contain tissue such as hair and skin, as they are formed from cells producing human eggs. It is a type of benign tumor and often referred as cystic teratoma. Generally younger women are found to have this cyst and sometimes found to be 6 inches in […]

Ovarian Cyst

Ovarian Cyst

These are small fluid filled sacs, found in the surface or inside the ovaries. These can also be considered as the growth (>2cm) of an ovarian follicle. It is the case with most of the women; and when present in body, it causes no discomfort, harm or pain. Most of them are functional, not being […]

Monoculeosis

Monoculeosis

It is a type of viral infection which causes swollen lymph glands, fever and sore throat, especially in the neck. The disease is also called as mono or the kissing disease. This named so coined is due to the nature of the disease. It spreads through kissing i.e. saliva or by sharing glass, food utensil […]

Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum Contagiosum

It is a DNA viral infection of skin or mucous membrane causing pear-like papules or nodules on the skin. The DNA virus belongs to the proxyvirus family called as molluscum Contagiosum virus, hence the name of the disease. Virus can be spread by contamination through towels, clothing or toys or by sexual contact. Symptoms include […]

Melanoma Skin Cancer

Melanoma Skin Cancer

Melanocytes are the pigmented cells present in the body, and the cancer in these cells is called melanoma skin cancer. These melanocytes produce melanin, which are responsible for the color of the skin. Due to its highly contagious nature, the cancer could be fatal. Worldwide 160,000 new cases are diagnosed by doctors each year. As […]

Measles

Measles

Also known as rubeola or mobilli, it is a highly contagious infection of the respiratory system caused by a virus (commonly by paramyxovirus). The infection is often spread by coming in contact with droplets (due to sneezing, coughing) flown out of the nose, mouth, or throat of an infected person. People, who already had vaccination […]

Marasmus

Marasmus

It is one of the severe forms of protein-calorie or protein-energy malnutrition (PEM). Mostly affecting young children, it makes the child extremely thin causing the loss of all body muscles and fat. Other symptoms as seen in many cases include growth retardation, impaired immunity and lethargy. The main cause behind this disease is protein and […]

Map Dot Fingerprint Dystrophy

Map Dot Fingerprint Dystrophy

By far it is the most common type of corneal dystrophy. It has got many alternative names like epithelial basement membrane dystrophy, Cogan’s dystrophy and anterior basement membrane dystrophy. The name it has got is due to its slit lamp like appearance. Common symptoms include eye pain, blurred vision excessive tearing and light sensitivity. The […]

Mandible

Mandible

It is the largest and the strongest bone of the face, holding the lower teeth. It forms the skull together with the cranium. There is a curved horizontal portion, the ‘body’, and two perpendicular portions, the ‘rami’. These portions unite with the ends of the body at right angles. The ossification of the mandible takes […]

Male Breast Cancer

Male Breast Cancer

It is the cancer that develops or is found in male breasts tissues, having same pathology as the female breast cancer. It can occur at any stage of the life, but is prominent in older people. It is a rare type of breast cancer conceding only 1% of the total no of cases. Self examination […]

Mad Cow

Mad Cow

Also known as bovine spongiform encephalopathy, it is an illness of the cattle that destroys their brain and central nervous system. The brain has holes and feels spongy.  It is fatal disease, having long incubation period. Humans, who have eaten nerve cells of affected cattle, may get a form of this disease known as variant […]

Maculopapular Rash

Maculopapular Rash

Maculopapular rash is a kind of skin disease in which patient may find appearance of small and red spots on the skin. The rashes are combination of macules and papules, which cause inflammation and hyperpigmentation on the skin. These rashes are common in medical conditions such as measles, scarlet fever and heat rash. Here the […]

Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration

It is a medical condition which usually affects adults (age >60) and predominantly results in a loss of vision. Here the centre of the eye and the retina is affected. As only macula, the part of the eye which allows detail and central vision is affected; one can use its peripheral vision for his day […]

Lymphoma

Lymphoma

It is a cancer developing in lymphatic system. The tumor formed by the lymphatic cells is a solid one. Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma are its two types. The treatment for both the types is quite different, so it’s necessary for a doctor to recognize each one very well. The disease covers the whole body, […]

Lymphangitis

Lymphangitis

It is an inflammation of the lymph vessels infected by bacteria called streptococcus pyogenes(most common). It is also sometimes considered as blood poising. The disease may be sign that the skin infection is getting worse, which is a threat. Symptoms may be fever, headache, enlarged lymph nodes, muscle aches, loss of appetite, and pain in […]

Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease

t is most common tick –borne disease caused by bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi, Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii. They are transmitted to humans by the bite of ticks known as hard ticks. It was first reported in U.S. and now can be seen in almost every part of U.S. This disease has three stages viz. primary […]

Lupus Rash

Lupus Rash

he involvement of this type rash is with skin of 90% of the people. It is more predominant in the whites than the people with more melanin in their skins. The classic ones are called malar rash, which appear as redness in the cheek, brought by exposure to sun. The systematic ones include the discoid […]

Lamictal Rash

Lamictal Rash

Lamictal refers to a medicated prescription for treating epilepsy and bipolar disorder (also called manic depression). In some of the cases, Lamictal causes grave skin rashes, such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis that can be extremely fatal, leading to large sections of the skin to die, and deformity or dangerous infections. Children […]

Labyrinthitis

Labyrinthitis

Labyrinthitis refers to an ear disorder characterized by irritation and inflammation (swelling) of the inner ear, the causes of which are several. It mostly occurs as a result of an ear infection, an upper respiratory infection, an allergy, cholesteatoma, or intake of certain drugs dangerous to the inner ear. In case of labyrinthitis, the parts […]

Koilonychia

Koilonychia

Koilonychias, also referred to as spoon nails, is a hereditary nail disorder and a possible sign of hypochromia anemia, particularly iron-deficiency anemia. The term indicates abnormal thin nails that have lost their convexity and have become either flat or concave in shape. They start getting thinner with an outline of lifted ends, just like a […]

HIV Rash

HIV Rash

A person tested HIV positive may see rash on his/her skin which is called an HIV rash. Majority of the HIV sufferers will have this rash. These rashes look brown or reddish bumps or a kind of eczema. HIV rashes usually appear on the shoulder, chest area and on the palms. They are limited to […]

Histology

Histology

Histology is the study of the cells and tissues of animals, plants and humans. The cells and tissues are placed under a microscope and study is conducted in order to determine the diseases and other abnormalities. This science is built on the grounds of high discipline as it studies the building blocks of plants, animals […]

Hip Bone

Hip Bone

The hip bone is a large irregularly shaped flat bone. It is also referred to as innominate bone. Along with the sacrum, the two hip bones come together to form a pelvic girdle. Each of the hip bones consists of three embryonic elements. They are ilium, ischium and pubis which come together at a Y-shaped […]

HIV Cell

HIV Cell

HIV cell infection is a condition which occurs due to human immunodeficiency virus. This condition is responsible for destroying the immune system of the body, thus making it difficult or the body to fight back infections. The HIV cell can be spread in one of the following ways: • Sexual contacts with infected person which […]

High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure is a measurement of the force against the wall of the arteries when the heart pumps blood throughout the body. High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. The top number is known as systolic blood pressure whereas the bottom number is known as diastolic blood pressure.   The major factors that […]

Hiatal Hernia

Hiatal Hernia

Hiatal hernia is a condition where a portion of the stomach protrudes towards the chest via an opening in the diaphragm. Diaphragm is a sheet of muscle which separates the chest and the abdomen and is used for breathing.   The exact cause for hiatal hernia is unknown, however it may be caused as a […]

Herpetic Whitlows

Herpetic Whitlows

A herpetic whitlow is a whitlow or a lesion on the thumb or finger caused by herpes simplex virus. This painful infection usually affects the thumbs, fingers, the toes or the nail cuticle. The herpetic whitlow can be caused by the virus HSV-1 or HSV-2. In children, the orofacial area is the main source of […]

Herpes Zoster

Herpes Zoster

Herpes zoster or shingles is a painful skin rash involving blisters which is caused due to caricella-zoster virus. This virus also causes chicken pox. Once you contract chicken pox, the virus becomes dormant in some nerves of your body. Herpes zoster occurs when the virus in the nerves becomes active again later on. The reason […]

Herpes Simplex Keratitis

Herpes Simplex Keratitis

Herpes simplex keratitis is an infection which affects the cornea of the eyes. The cornea is a transparent tissue at the front of the eye. Keratitis is responsible for causing corneal ulcer, an open sore or erosion in the outer layer of cornea. Herpes simplex keratitis infects the superficial layer of the cornea with diffuse […]

Herpes Simplex

Herpes Simplex

Herpes simplex or herpes labialis is the infection of mouth, lips or gums. It is caused by the herpes simplex virus. The infection may lead to the development of small and painful blisters known as fever blisters or cold sores. Initially, a person does not experience any kind of symptoms or mouth ulcers. The infectious […]

Granulosa Cell Tumor

Granulosa Cell Tumor

A Granulosa cell tumour which is also known as granulosa-theca cell tumour is tumours arising from granulosa cells. These types of tumours are branch of the sex cord-gonadal stromal tumour which is non-epithelial group of tumours. Though granulosa cells usually take place only in the ovary, granulosa cell tumour occurs in both ovaries as well […]

Granuloma Gluteale

Granuloma Gluteale

In the past Granuloma gluteale infantum (GGI) is identified as vegetating bromidism or vegetating potassium bromide toxic dermatitis. It is a rare skin disarray of contentious etiology described by reddish purple, oval granulomatous nodules on the gluteal surfaces and for the infant in groin areas. Lesions can be seen in intertriginous areas such as neck, […]

Granuloma Annulare

Granuloma Annulare

Granuloma annulare is a long-term of skin disease which consists of rash with reddish bumps set in a circle or ring. It comes into view most frequently over knuckles as well as other joints. It may be generalized, localized, perforating, or subcutaneous. Granuloma annulare is a kind inflammatory dermatosis which is characterized clinically by annular […]

Granuloma

Granuloma

Granuloma is a term in medical dictionary for a minute collection of immune cells which are known as macrophages. Granulomas figure while the immune system tries to wall off substances which it recognizes as foreign body but is not capable to remove. Such substances comprise infectious organisms like bacteria and fungi and other materials like […]

Granulocytes

Granulocytes

Granulocytes are kinds of white blood cells which are characterized in their cytoplasm by the occurrence of granules. are known also as polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN or PML) as their nucleus sharp is various types. Nucleus is generally tossed into three sections. In regular parlance, the term polymorphonuclear leukocyte frequently refers exclusively to neutrophil granulocytes which […]

Gram Negative Bacterium

Gram Negative Bacterium

Our medical science has been improving day by day and we get know about new diseases. Everybody has heard of MRSA that has leading news for long. This deadly bacterium is named as a Gram-positive bacterium. There are currently antibiotics which are effectual against this germ. But, this is not case with Acinetobacter that is […]

Gouty Arthritis

Gouty Arthritis

Gouty arthritis is the consequence of an inflammatory reaction accumulated against trait crystals in joints. And it results that joints which are affected become red, swollen, and painful. The joints most often influenced by gouty arthritis. They are the primary metacarpal phalangeal joint or thumb joint, metatarsal phalangeal joint, or joint of the big toe. […]

Gout

Gout

Maximum people are curious what gout is all about. Gout is common form of arthritis that causes problems in different joints of the body. This can be reason of major swelling, some inflammation and extreme pain. It usually influences one joint in body most regularly big toe. Moreover it can affect any other part of […]

Gonorrhea Throat

Gonorrhea Throat

Pharyngeal gonorrhea is the term for Gonorrhea Throat. Maximum time they are not harmful. Its symptoms are easily recognizable and treatments are easy too means it can be healed easily. Moreover it is not transferred to others. The bacteria known as Neisseria gonorrheae or gonococcus are the reason of Gonorrhea Throat. This is considered as […]

Gonorrhea Symptom

Gonorrhea Symptom

Gonorrhea is a very widespread disease. So it is quite normal that people are curious about it. The Gonorrhea Symptom are found in women are secretion in the vagina, pelvic pain, while urinating itching or burning sensation, conjunctivitis or red, itchy eyes, bleeding between periods, burning in the throat for oral sex , vulva getting […]

Gonorrhea Mouth

Gonorrhea Mouth

It is very hard to notice the synonyms of the Gonorrhea Mouth. If one is lucky enough to see the signs they should go doctor as early as possible for check up. If they can recognize the Gonorrhea Mouth, it will help them to be cured of this disease. Gonorrhea patients should go through physical […]

Gonorrhea Male

Gonorrhea Male

Gonorrhea is transferred from one person to another through anal, vaginal, and oral contacts. Gonorrhea Male is one of the frequently asked questions. The males have 20% chance of getting the gonorrhea while having sex with a gonorrhea infected woman. This disease is one of the most regular sorts of sexual transmitted diseases (STD). The […]

Epidermoid Cyst

Epidermoid Cyst

Epidermoid cyst is the most common type of skin infection. They occur anywhere on the human body but they mostly appear on the face or the upper trunk or the neck. An epidermoid cyst consists of a cyst wall made up of skin cells that is found in the epidermis. The cyst wall is round […]

Epidermal Cyst

Epidermal Cyst

Epidermal cyst is a closed sac that lies beneath the skin with an oily substance. The epidermal cysts usually occur due from the swollen hair follicles. A cyst can also occur from a skin trauma. A sac of cells form under the skin in which keratin, a kind of protein is secreted into it. Epidermal […]

Ephelis

Ephelis

Ephelis are small group of concentrated melanin which is visible in people having fair complexion. An ephelis is also known as freckles. Ephelis do not have melanocytes (cells which produce melanin). Ephelis is different from moles and lentigines.Anyone can get ephelis no matter what their genetic background is. However, one getting ephelis is genetic. This […]

Ependymoma

Ependymoma

Ependymoma is a type of brain tumor. It develops from the ependymal cells that line the ventricles of the brain and the spinal cord’s central canal. Ependymoma can occur anywhere in the brain or spine that is situated in the main part of the brain and the cerebrum. It may spread to the spinal cord […]

Eosinophilic Folliculitis

Eosinophilic Folliculitis

Eosinophilic Folliculitis is the infection or inflammation of one or multiple hair follicles. Eosinophilic Folliculitis affects both men and women irrespective of the age. They develop in any part of the body, however, the most affected parts of the body are face, scalp, armpits, parts of the arm and area of legs which are not […]

Entropion

Entropion

Entropion is a condition where the edges of the eyelid turn in so that the eyelashes rub against the surface of the eye. It usually affects the lower eyelid. This condition can be present at birth. Babies are rarely affected by this disorder since their lashes are soft and are not capable of damaging the […]

Endoplasmic Reticulum

Endoplasmic Reticulum

Endoplasmic reticulum is the network of flattened sacs and tubules which perform different functions in the cell. Two regions in the endoplasmic reticulum differ from each other in terms of structure and function. One of the areas is known as rough endoplasmic reticulum since its ribosomes are attached to the membrane’s cytoplasmic side. The other […]

Endophthalmitis

Endophthalmitis

Endophthalmitis is a condition where there is a swelling within the eyeball. Infection from bacteria or other microorganisms result in the occurrence of Endophthalmitis. It can also be caused due to complication of the cataract or some other type of eye surgery which may also result in loss of vision. Endophthalmitis is accompanied by some […]

Endometriosis

Endometriosis

Endometriosis occurs when the tissues behaving like endometrium or cells lining the uterus grow in other parts of the body which causes irregular bleeding, pain and possibly infertility. The abnormal growth in tissues occurs in the pelvic area which is outside the uterus on the bowel, ovaries, bladder, rectum and the lining of the pelvis. […]

Endometrial Hyperplasia

Endometrial Hyperplasia

Endometrial hyperplasia is the abnormal or excessive thickening of endometrium, the lining of the uterus. The endometrium thickens every month in order to get ready for pregnancy. In case the pregnancy does not occur, then the endometrium is shed. This shedding process of the lining is known as menstruation or menstrual period. Normally, majority of […]

Dermatofibroma

Dermatofibroma

Dermatofibroma mostly occurs in women. It is also called histiocytoma. It generally forms as a reaction to previous injuries like insect bites, thorn pricks etc. They are composed of disordered collagen. This particular disease is nothing but the occurrence of nodules on the skin mainly on leg part. They are generally in yellow brown colour […]

Cyanosis

Cyanosis

Cyanosis refers to a bluish skin color or that of mucus membranes that occurs mainly due to insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood. As per the cause of cyanosis, one may experience sudden shortness of breath along with other symptoms. If cyanosis has been caused due to long-term lung or heart problems, it would […]

Cutaneous Papilloma

Cutaneous Papilloma

Cutaneous papilloma refers to a small skin tag with or without a stalk or a peduncle, appearing on any part of the skin of the body, from eyelids, to the neck, to armpits, to the upper chest and groin. Being a benign condition that it is, cutaneous papilloma is a very small tumor of the […]

Cutaneous Horn

Cutaneous Horn

Cutaneous Horn can be defined as a clinical diagnosis for a conical projection above the skin surface that appears similar to a miniature horn. While the base of the horn could be flat or nodular, it contains compacted keratin. There have been many different histologic lesions that have been documented at this base, the confirmation […]

Cushing’s Syndrome

Cushing’s Syndrome

Cushing’s syndrome or Hypercortisolism, refers to a disorder that erupts when the human body experiences high degree of the hormone cortisol, or when the body consumes excessive cortisol or other corticosteroid medications like prednisolone and prednisone to treat asthma and rheumatoid arthritis. Excessive cortisol not only causes Cushing’s disease, but also tumor of the adrenal […]

Curved Penis

Curved Penis

A curved penis is referred to as an abnormal shape of the penis owing to otherwise two rare conditions, viz. Peyronie’s disease and penile fracture. The former is an inflammation of the penis that makes it appear curved or bent owing to the development of plaque under the penis’ skin. This may occur due to […]

Cuboid Bone

Cuboid Bone

The cuboid bone is referred to as one of the 7 tarsal foot bones of the human body, on the lateral side (outside) of the foot that plays a pivotal role of stabilizing the foot as well as the jointing of the foot and the ankle. It is cubicle in shape. The knucklebones made use […]

CT Machine

CT Machine

CT (Computed Tomography) Machine is referred to as a medical imaging technique deploying tomography by making use of a digital geometry process to create a three-dimensional image of the internals of an object through a large series of two-dimensional X-ray images, clicked around a single axis of rotation. It is considered as the most useful […]

Cryoglobulinaemia

Cryoglobulinaemia

Cryoglobulinaemia indicates the existence of abnormal proteins inside the blood, which eventually thicken like gel in cold temperatures and blocks blood vessels across the body. This brings about complications like skin rashes, to even kidney failure. It is rather a part of a group of diseases that leads to the damage and swelling of the […]

Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease refers to the inflammation or swelling of the digestive system, and also constitutes one of a group of diseases, known as inflammatory bowel disease. It may affect any area of the body, from the mouth to the anus, and mostly the lower part of the small intestine, referred to as the ileum. The […]

Craniopharyngioma

Craniopharyngioma

Craniopharyngioma refers to a benign (not severe) tumor which grows close to the pituitary gland, a small endocrine gland at the bottom of the brain. It is commonly found in children aged between 5 and 10 years, and also sometimes in adults. Most popular symptoms of craniopharyngioma include increased pressure on the brain causing headache, […]

Cradle Cap

Cradle Cap

Cradle Cap is a patchy, scaly, greasy and crusty skin rash, yellowish in color, which erupts on the scalp of the newly born babies, though it does not bother the baby and is not itchy. Also known by the names of crusta lacteal and neonatal seborrhoeic dermatitis, cradle cap usually starts in the initial three […]

Costochondritis

Costochondritis

Costochondritis refers to the swelling or inflammation of those junctions where the cartilage is conjoined with the upper ribs, holding them to the sternum or the breastbone. This leads to general chest pain that can be regenerated by pushing on the cartilage before your rib cage. Where there is no cause of this relatively harmless […]

Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary Heart Disease

Also known by the name of coronary artery disease, Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) refers to a condition wherein the coronary arteries get accumulated by plaque, containing cholesterol, fat, calcium and other substances of the blood. Coronary arteries supply blood containing oxygen to the heart muscle. If plaque accumulated inside the arteries, this condition is referred […]

Coronary Artery

Coronary Artery

Coronary Artery refers to one of two blood vessels responsible for branching off from the aorta close to its point of departure from the heart where it meets the left ventricle and thereby, carrying out blood containing oxygen to the heart muscle. Both coronary arteries supply blood to the walls of both ventricles and to […]

Coronal Suture

Coronal Suture

Coronal suture refers to a thick, fibrous connective tissue joint which is separated from the frontal and parietal bones of the skull. At the birth of the baby, the bones of the skull do not come into contact. If, however, few bones of the skull grow at a rapid pace, premature closure of the sutures […]

Corneal Ulcer

Corneal Ulcer

A corneal ulcer (or ulcerative keratitis) is referred to as an infective condition of the cornea, with an open sore that overlies the iris, the colored part of the eye. It is grayish or whitish appearing on the transparent cornea. This is a very common condition prevalent in the tropical and the agrarian regions. Children […]

Constrictive Pericarditis

Constrictive Pericarditis

Constrictive pericarditis refers to a chronic inflammation (swelling) of the pericardium (thick covering of the heart) with the scarring, thickening and muscle tightening, resulting from conditions that cause inflammation to occur around the heart, such as a heart surgery, tuberculosis and radiation therapy to the chest. In some cases, it may also develop without any […]

Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis refers to the inflammation (or swelling) or infection of the membrane that lines the eyelids (conjunctiva) due to an exposure to bacteria or other irritants. Tears generally help in protecting eyelids as it washes away any bacterial deposits in the eye, while they also contain antibodies and enzymes that combat bacteria. Viruses are the […]

Conjunctival Petechiae

Conjunctival Petechiae

Conjunctival Petechiae have been mostly observed in those cases where people have died natural deaths owing to a cardiovascular disease and where people have died due to asphyxia, head injury and disorders related to central nervous system disorders. A petechiae is a tiny, red or purple-colored spot on the body, as a result of a […]

Congenital Heart Defect

Congenital Heart Defect

Congenital Heart Defect (CHD) is a problem related to the heart structure, and is one of the commonest forms of birth defect. When the heart of a baby starts developing, some structural defects might occur that involves the heart walls, its valves, the arteries and veins surrounding the heart. Such defects can interrupt the normal […]

Congenital Glaucoma

Congenital Glaucoma

Congenital glaucoma is referred to as an assortment of eye conditions that damages the optic nerve which is responsible for carrying visual details from the eye to the brain. Many a times, the damage to the optic nerve is caused owing to excessive pressure on the eye, the condition is also called Intraocular Pressure (IOP). […]

Condyloma Acuminatum

Condyloma Acuminatum

Condyloma Acuminatum is an epidermal symptom that attributes to the epidermotropic human papilloma virus (HPV). Till date, over 100 kinds of double-stranded HPV have been isolated, where a majority of them have been associated directly with an enlarged neoplastic risk among men and women. Around 90 percent of condyloma acuminate is linked with HPV type […]

Common Iliac Vein

Common Iliac Vein

The human anatomy defines the common iliac veins as a result of the formation of the internal iliac veins and external iliac veins (ventral to the sacroiliac articulation), and when the two iliac veins are together, they form the inferior vena cava in the abdomen at the level of 5th lumbar vertebrae. Common iliac veins […]

Condyloma

Condyloma

Condyloma refers to the infection of the genitals, which is why it is also commonly known as genital warts. These are soft, wart-like growths that occur on the skin as well as mucus membranes of the genitals among both men and women, due to Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). Condyloma is also considered a form of […]

Common Warts

Common Warts

Scientifically termed as Verruca Vulgaris, Common Warts are known to be caused due to the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) occurring as epidermal bumps, grayish in color and shaped like a cauliflower with rough, cracked keratin surface that can be felt by the touch, on the affected individual’s hands, elbows, knees, legs, etc.  However, these epidermal […]

Common Carotid Artery

Common Carotid Artery

Common carotid artery refers to the artery or vessel which is responsible for supplying oxygenated and nutrient-filled blood to the head, brain and neck; such that it segregates the neck to form the internal and external carotid arteries near the top of the thyroaid. The branch of the right common carotid artery comes from the […]

Common Bile Duct

Common Bile Duct

Common bile duct (or ductus choledochus) can be described as an anatomic structure in the shape of a tube in the human gastrointestinal tract, formed with the combination of the common hepatic duct and the cystic duct, which is gradually conjoined by the pancreatic duct for forming the ampulla of Vater. The common bile duct […]

Color Blindness Chart

Color Blindness Chart

A Color Blindness Chart is the most simple and accurate method of identifying congenital color blindness in two forms – total color blindness and red-green blindness, complete as well as incomplete. The term ‘color blindness’ refers to the condition, whereby some of the colors cannot be distinguished mainly because of hereditary factors. The chart has […]

Cleft Lip picture

Cleft Lip picture

Cleft Lip {medically termed as Cheiloschisis} is a kind of defect (a fissure or gap) on the upper lip and roof of the mouth, since birth or in early childhood. Cleft Palate {or Palatoschisis} is another form of birth defect, while both can occur simultaneously and are often referred to as variations of clefting congenital […]

Chlamydia Infection

Chlamydia Infection

The Chlamydia Infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection and it can easily affect the private regions of the body in the worst way. In humans this disease is caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis and this particular enzyme can make condition really very excruciating. This infectious condition takes place only in case […]

Carcinoma

Carcinoma

Cancer or Carcinoma is the uncontrolled division and growth of cells in the body. These abnormal cells are also malignant cells. The cells are the building blocks of the body of living things. Cancer occurs when cells grow abnormally in the body. When there is a need, the cells multiply and the cells die when […]

Calcaneus Bone

Calcaneus Bone

The Calcaneus bone is a kind of bone which can be found in the tursus of the foot and this is mainly located in the heel. Thus, when a deformity occurs it becomes clearly understandable. The posterior half of this bone is known as tuber calcanei. When fracture occurs at this particular area you can […]

Calcaneal Bursitis

Calcaneal Bursitis

At the time when suffering from Calcaneal Bursitis you have pain in the posterior heel and this pain can also happen in the posterior ankle. When this occurs you have unfavourable pain and inflammation at the particular area and this can make you feel immensely uncomfortable. There is also a sort of deformity at the […]

Bursitis Picture

Bursitis Picture

The Bursitis Picture will tell you that it can really make you suffer to an extent. The condition takes place due to the sudden inflammation of the bursa sacs and these are mainly found in the areas where you can see a joining of the muscles and the tendons over the bones. There can be […]

Brown Recluse Spider Bite

Brown Recluse Spider Bite

The Brown recluse spider bite can cause much damage to you. This is a sort of a spider which belongs to the family of Sicariidae. The size of the spider is between 6 – 22 mm and there are chances that the spider may grow long. Most of these spiders are medium brown in colour […]

Brain Tumor Picture

Brain Tumor Picture

A brain tumor is a mass of tissues where in some cells grow abnormally and multiply without control unregulated by the mechanism which controls the normal cells. This forms into a tumor which places itself inside the skull and affects the activities of the brain. A tumor can put immense pressure on the brain by […]

Bone Marrow

Bone Marrow

A Bone marrow picture will tell you how the thing looks like. In this way you may be able to form an idea about the shape of the organ and this will give you an idea about its position in the human body. If you take a microscope and see you will be able to […]

Ascaris lumbricoides

Ascaris lumbricoides

The Ascaris lumbricoides is the other name for the giant roundworm in case of human beings and it belongs to the group of the phylum Nematoda. This kind of roundworm cause a kind of disease called ascariasis and it is considered to be the largest and the most common worm living within the human body. […]

Angina

Angina

Angina is the discomfort, tightness or the chest pain that occurs in the area of the muscles of the heart which receives supply of oxygen. Angina is not a disease but a noticeable symptom of coronary disease of the arteries. The symptom shows up easily since the coronary artery disease is the most common type […]

Alveoli Picture

Alveoli Picture

Alveoli refer to final branching of the respiratory tree which acts as the primary gas exchange units of the lung. The gas-blood barrier that lies between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveolar space is very thin which paves way for rapid gas exchange. Oxygen needs to diffuse through the alveolar epithelium and the capillary endothelium […]

Gonorrhea Chlamydia

Gonorrhea Chlamydia

An eruption of Chlamydia and Gonorrhea can infect your throat. Both of them are Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD). Gonorrhea Chlamydia throat infections are one of the rarest of incidences as these types of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) are generally found on the other parts of the body. Though they rarely infect one’s throat, one gets […]

Yellow Sclera

Yellow Sclera

The general term that we use regarding Yellow Sclera is yellow eyes. It is also termed as scleral icterus. Yellow eyes take place while the whites of the eyes termed sclerae turn in to a yellowish shade. Yellow Sclera is usually a sign of jaundice which is caused by an increase of the level of bilirubin […]

Adrenal Gland

Adrenal Gland

Adrenal glands are situated on the top of the kidneys in a triangular shape; the outer part known as the cortex releases steroid hormones like cortisol, testosterone and aldosterone, while the inner part called the medulla, releases epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline). If the glands produce less or more hormones than actually needed by your […]

Yellow Fever

Yellow Fever

Yellow fever is a terrific disease happened due to the virus with the identical name. It generally spread out via the bite of the infected mosquito. In a certain portion of Africa and South America, this disease is found. Yellow fever cannot be spread via man to man contact. The symptoms of the disease are […]

Tongue Cancer

Tongue Cancer

Tongue Cancer is widely known to be caused by squamous cell carcinoma, which is the cancer of the tongue’s surface tissue and the commonest cancers that can disturb many different body organs. Tongue cancer is a kind of oral cancer, caused due to use of tobacco or by smoking in about 70 percent of the […]

Toe Corn

Toe Corn

Toe Corn, as the name suggests, refers to a specific-shaped callus of dead skin occurring on thin skin surfaces like on the dorsal toe surface, and fingers. It basically occurs on account of the pressure point that traces an elliptical or semi-elliptical path against the skin when there is a rubbing motion. In case there […]

Thyroglossal Duct Cyst

Thyroglossal Duct Cyst

Thyroglossal duct cyst is referred to as a fibrous cyst formed through a continual thyroglossal duct. It is characterized as a midline neck lump on the hyoid bone, and is smooth, cystic and painless. With a thyroglossal duct cyst, an individual can experience difficulty in breathing, swallowing (dysphagia) and/or discomfort in the upper abdomen (dyspepsia), […]

Thrush Infection

Thrush Infection

Thrust infection related to the mouth infection caused due to the candida fungus, also called yeast. This candida infection may occur at any part of the body and cause diaper rash among infants or vaginal yeast infections to women. It mostly and easily affects babies and toddlers, old-aged people and people having weak immune systems. […]

Throat Cancer

Throat Cancer

Throat Cancer is referred to as the cancer of the vocal cords, larynx (voice box) or other throat areas. It is mainly caused due to smoking and tobacco intake. Excessive alcoholism also increases the risk of developing throat cancer. It is mostly developed in adults over 50 years of age, particularly men as they are […]

Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cance

Testicular Cancer incepts inside the testicles (reproductive glands) located into the scrotum of males. Also referred to as the germ cell tumor, while there is no linkage between testicular cancer and vasectomy, some of the known factors responsible for increasing the chances of an individual to developing testicular cancer are abnormal testicle development, medical history […]

Lupus

Lupus

Lupus, medically termed as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), is referred to as a long-term autoimmune disorder that affects the skin, kidneys, brain, joints and other body organs. The immune system wrongly attacks the healthy tissues of the body, resulting into chronic inflammation, particularly among women. Lupus may occur at any age, but mostly between 10 […]

Lung Cancer X-Ray

Lung Cancer X-Ray

Lung Cancer is the cause of an abnormality in the cells of the body that manifests into their uncontrolled division of forming new cells and instead release of cells forming into a mass called a tumor. Doctors may use a number of diagnostic methods and tests to detect lung cancer. Among the various tests, X-ray […]

Lepromatous Leprosy

Lepromatous leprosy

Lepromatous leprosy refers to a particular skin condition characterized by pale macules, owing to the failure of Th1 cell activation required for eradication of the parasite. It is a form of chronic granulomatous disease caused by a Mycobacterium leprae infection. It is only observed in patients with less or no immune resistance to the Mycobacterium […]

Lepra Lepromatosa

Lepra Lepromatosa

Lepra Lepromatosa is referred to as a chronic infectious disease, progressive in nature and is caused by the Mycobacterium leprae bacterium. It basically affects the nerves (nerve damage) located just at the boundary walls of the central nervous system (also called peripheral nerves), mucous membranes, skin and eyes. In case of severe leprosy, the condition […]

Leopard Syndrome

Leopard syndrome

Leopard syndrome, or multiple lentigines syndrome, refers to an inherited disorder characterized by a large number of lentigines, or spots similar to freckles. It is a genetic autosomal dominant trait that causes skin markings darker than freckles, present since birth and is mostly located on the neck and trunk. The symptoms of leopard syndrome include […]

Lentigo Simplex

Lentigo simplex

Lentigo simplex refers to the most common benign skin condition that develops almost anywhere on the skin or on mucous membranes. Such a condition is characterized by small, flat pigmented spots, which could be black or light brown in color. Lesions could be smooth, irregular or well-defined borders, non-accompanying any other symptoms among early childhood, […]

Lentigo Maligna

Lentigo maligna

Lentigo maligna, also commonly called Lentiginous melanoma on sun-damaged skin, refers to a melanoma in situ, consisting of malignant cells but which do not reflect omnipresent growth for years, and progresses very slowly. The transition process to true melanoma is characterized by the emergence of a bumpy surface that marks down vertical growth and invasion, […]

Leishmaniasis

Leishmaniasis

Leishmaniasis, commonly known as kala-azar, refers to a parasitic disease, which is easily spread with the bite of the sandfly. Cutaneous leishmaniasis and systemic (or visceral) leishmaniasis are two different forms of leishmaniasis; the former affecting the skin and mucus membranes while the latter affecting the entire body. Symptoms of cutaneous leishmaniasis include skin sores […]

Leiomyosarcoma

Leiomyosarcoma

Leimyosarcoma is referred to as a malignant (non-cancerous) smooth muscle connective tissue tumor. When this neoplasm becomes benign, it is called leiomyoma. It accounts for 5-10% of soft tissue sarcomas that are rare in nature. Smooth muscle cells can be found in most of the body parts, including the stomach, intestines, uterus, skin and the […]

Leiomyoma

Leiomyoma

Leiomyoma, also called uterine fibroids or fibromyoma, refer to benign tumors developed in the womb or uterus, during the childbearing age of women. Though rare in women under 20, leimyoma can be found in half of women by age 50 and most commonly among African Americans as compared to Caucasians. The growth of these uterine […]

Legionnaires

Legionnaires

Legionnaires refer to a kind of pneumonia disease, often caused by bacteria through breathing in mist from water containing the bacteria. The mist might appear from showers, hot tubs or air-conditioning units meant for large buildings. The bacteria itself is not communicable or spreads from one person to another. Most common symptoms to Legionnaires include […]

Legg-Perthes

Legg-Perthes

Legg-Perthes disease, technically known as Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (LPCD), refers to a form of osteonecrosis of the hip, the condition in which the ball of the thighbone in the hip does not get adequate blood that causes the latter to die. The ball collapses and flattens out. Though it can occur on both hips, but only […]

Lazy Eye

Lazy Eye

Lazy Eye, medically termed as Amblyopia, refers to a visual disorder that signifies a vision deficiency in an eye, which is otherwise normal physically, but has constant blurred vision. In case of lazy eye, the visual stimulation is either badly transmitted through optic nerve to the brain constantly, or fails to transmit only. It may […]

Laugier-Hunziker Syndrome

Laugier-Hunziker Syndrome

Laugier-Hunziker Syndrome (LHS) was first recognized in the year 1970, and was depicted as acquired hyperpigmented macules of the lips and buccal mucosa mostly linked with longitudinal melanonychia of the nails. A rare benign condition, the syndrome is apparently characterized by macular pigmentation of the genitalia. It needs to be included in the differential diagnosis […]

Lattice Dystrophy

Lattice Dystrophy

Lattice dystrophy refers to an autosomal dominant condition, quite common amongst stromal dystrophies. The term itself has been derived from the buildup of abnormal protein fibers, or amyloid deposits across the middle and anterior stroma. It is similar to granular and Avellino dystrophy, in the sense the genetic defect of such a condition can be […]

Hypopigmentation

Hypopigmentation

Hypopigmentation indicates the loss of skin color, caused due to depletion of melanin or melanocyte, or a reduction in the amino acid tyrosine, used by melanocytes to produce melanin. It is often brought on through laser treatments, but can be treated through other lasers or light sources. A patchy skin color is referred to as […]

Hypochromic Anemia

Hypochromic Anemia

Hypochromic anemia refers to a particular type of anemia wherein the red blood cells or erythrocytes are paler in color than normal. A normal red blood cell has a pallor area at the center of it. In case of hypochromic cells (where hypo means less, and chromic means color) this particular area of central pallor […]

Hyphema

Hyphema

Hyphema indicates the blood within the front area of the eye, caused by eye trauma. Other causes of bleeding into the front chamber of the eye include cancer of the eye, abnormality of the blood vessel and severe inflammation of the iris. Some of the common symptoms of hyphema include bleeding in the front portion […]

Hyperparathyroidism

Hyperparathyroidism

Hyperparathyroidism refers to an overproduction of parathyroid hormone (PTH) through the parathyroid glands. These glands are located in the neck, near the back of the thyroid gland that produces parathyroid hormone and is responsible for controlling the levels of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D in the blood and bone. Common symptoms of hyperparathyroidism include back […]

Hyoid

Hyoid

The hyoid bone or lingual bone is located in the anterior midline of the neck in between the thyroid cartilage and the chin, in the shape of a horseshoe. At rest, it is situated at the base level of the mandible in the front and at the third cervical vertebrae behind. Amongst all bones, the […]

Hymenolepis Nana

Hymenolepis nana

Hymenolepis nana refers to the smallest tapeworm found in human beings, and thus is also known as the dwarf tapeworm, the only cestode that does not need an intermediary to develop into its infective stage. The grain bettle, however, acts as the common intermediate host. Hymenolepis is the most common cestode of humans and can […]

Hydrosalpinx

Hydrosalpinx

A hydrosalpinx is referred to as a distally blocked fallopian tube, which is filled with clear or serous fluid. The literal meaning of the term is “blocked water tube”, which may become considerably distended that gives the tube a shape of a sausage or a retorted shape. Such condition is mostly bilateral, while the affected […]

Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus refers to the accumulation of fluid inside the skin causing inflammation of the brain. Broadly, the term denotes water on the brain. It is caused due to the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which is the liquid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. The CSF is responsible for bringing nutrients to the brain […]

Hydroa Vacciniforme

Hydroa Vacciniforme

Hydroa vacciniforme (HV), also termed as ‘Bazin’s hydroa vacciniforme’, refers to an occasional yet chronic skin condition of photodermatosis that begins during childhood from an unknown origin. It normally is found in children below 10 years of age, characterized by recurrent vesicles on sun-exposed areas of the skin (that can be treated with vacciniform or […]

Hydatidiform Mole

Hydatid Mole

A hydatidiform mole is referred to as an occasional growth of mass inside the uterus during the initial stage of a pregnancy. It is more commonly considered a kind of Gestational Trophoblastic Disease (GTD). Such molar pregnancy may be caused due to excessive generation of the tissue that was required to develop into the placenta. […]

Hyaline Cartilage

Hyaline cartilage

Hyaline cartilage contains a thin, sticky yet a firm mass of significant elasticity and pearl blue in color. It does not consist of nerves or blood vessels, while the structure of a hyaline cartilage is very simple. It is externally covered by a fibrous membrane known as the perichondrium, excluding the articular ends of bones […]

Hutchinson’s Freckle

Hutchinson’s Freckle

Hutchinson’s Freckle is a pre-cancerous skin condition, which is characterized by tan patch on the skin that grows gradually only to become dark, thick, mottled and nodular. The signs can be mostly found in old aged people, which begin as a small dark brown spot on the facial skin of the individual. In the midst […]

Hurler Syndrome

Hurler Syndrome

The Hurler syndrome, named after Gertrud Hurler, refers to a genetic disorder caused due to the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (earlier called mucopolysaccharides) as a result of lack of alpha-L iduronidase enzyme that degrades mucopolysaccharides inside lysosomes, without which the body is exposed to heparin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. Also known by the name of Mucopolysaccharidosis […]

Huntington’s Disease

Huntington's Disease

Huntington’s disease is referred to as a disorder that generally runs in families, and wherein the nerve cells inside certain brain parts either go waste or deteriorate. It is mainly caused due to a genetic defect on chromosome 4 that further causes a CAG repeat (a DNA part) to erupt more frequently number of times […]

Humerus

Humerus

Humerus refers to a long bone inside the arm or forelimb running from the shoulder onto the elbow. In the human anatomy, the humerus connects the lower arm and the scapula, and contains three sections. The upper extremity comprises a round-shaped yet narrow neck, and two tubercles or tuberosities (short processes). The body is basically […]

Human Papilloma Virus

Human Papilloma Virus

Human Papilloma Virus is one of the papilloma viruses that can infect humans in keratinocytes of their skin or mucous membranes. While a majority of about 200 HPV types has no symptoms in people, some of the types do cause warts or verrucae and some may even advance to cancers of the vulva, cervix, vagina […]

Human Colon

Human colon

A human colon plays an integral role in the digestive system of the human body. It is a constant hollow tube of about 5 feet long and 2-3 inches in diameter. The human colon constitutes four major parts, viz. ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, and Sigmoid colon. It basically transports wastes to the rectum […]

Human Chromosomes

Human Chromosomes

Chromosomes represent an organized structure of DNA and protein inside cells of the body, in the form of coiled DNA that comprises several genes, regulatory elements, DNA-bound proteins, and other nucleotide sequences. Human chromosomes can be classified into two categories – autosomes and sex chromosomes. Some of the genetic traits are associated with a person’s […]

Human Cell

Human cell

A human body consists of around 10 trillion cells. Whether it is reproduction or infections or the repairing of a broken bone, it happens at the cellular level only. Cells differ in size, the smallest one being a type of bacterium called mycoplasma that measures 0.0001 mm in diameter. Human cells also vary in sizes, […]

Horner’s Syndrome

Horner’s Syndrome

Horner’s Syndrome affects the nerves that run to the eye and face. When nerve fibers are interrupted, it causes the Horner’s syndrome that begins in the hypothalamus and spreads to the face. Extreme nerve fiber injuries are mostly caused by injuries to carotid artery and to the brachial plexus (neck nerves), migraine, stroke, brain tumor, […]

Hordeolum

Hordeolum

Hordeolum refer to the bumps (styes) that appear on the eyelids, which is why they are also known as eyelid bumps. A stye is basically a swollen oil gland on the border of the eyelid, where the lid meets the lash. It is caused by the skin bacteria which enters the oil glands into the […]

Hodgkin’s disease

Hodgkins disease

Hodgkin’s disease is a particular kind of lymphoma, now termed as Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Lymphoma refers to the cancer of lymph tissue inside the lymph nodes, liver, spleen and bone marrow. The very first symptom of the disease is the widened lymph node, which can even spread to adjacent lymph nodes, and eventually to the lungs, […]

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease or STD. The symptoms of this disease usually do not appear until 2-4 days after infection. However, sometimes in men it may take almost up to a month or a year until any symptoms occur at all. Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the bacteria that are known to cause this disease. […]

Gonadal Vein

Gonadal Vein

In medical terms, the gonadal vein is defined as the vein that carries blood from the gonad(testes or ovaries) to the heart. In females, this vein is called the ovarian vein and in males it is known as the testicular vein. The left gonadal vein passes to the left renal vein, and the right one […]

Goiter

Goiter

Goiter is a form of swelling that occurs in the thyroid gland, which ultimately leads to the swelling of the neck. Goiter does not occur until your thyroid gland is functioning properly. Over 90% of goiter cases occur due to the deficiency of iodine. The symptoms of goiter sometimes are hard to analyse and discover. […]

Glossitis

Glossitis

Glossitis is a state where your tongue gets swollen and also changes its color. This condition often makes the surface of the tongue appear smoother than usual.Glossitis usually occur due to certain allergic reactions to toothpaste , fresheners etc , dry mouth , low levels of irons , alcohol , yeast infection in mouth or […]

Gingival Cyst

Gingival Cyst

Gingival cyst is a form of cyst that is a derivative of the odds and ends of the dental lamina located in the attached gingival, irregularly generating superficial erosion of cortical plate of the bone. In simpler words, it is one kind of cysts that develops in the gums of one’s mouth. These are not […]

Tinea Pedis

Tinea Pedis

Tinea pedis, also referred to as Athlete’s foot, is fungal infection of the feet that may last for either short or long term, and may even erupt again post treatment at a later stage. It generally occurs in the event that some fungus develops on your feet. Besides the toes, tinea pedis may also erupt […]

Tietze’s Syndrome

Tietze’s syndrome

Tietze’s syndrome refers to a benign swelling (or inflammation) of one or more costal cartilages, described by Alexander Tietze, a German surgeon in 1921. The syndrome is often misunderstood as costochondritis, but the former is characterized by inflammation of the costal cartilages, unlike in costochondritis. Symptoms of Tietze’s syndrome primarily include acute pain in the […]

Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid Cancer is referred to as a particular form of cancer that incepts within the thyroid gland, situated inside the front side of the lower neck of the body. It may occur in any age, especially people having been treated with radiation therapy on their neck during their childhood times, stand greater chances of developing […]

Temporomandibular Joint

Temporomandibular Joint

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) is the joint of the jaw that connects to the side of the head of the body. The proper functioning of TMJ indicates that you are able to talk, yawn and chew properly. People affected with TMJ dysfunction experience problems with muscles and joints, causing severe pain passing through face, jaw or […]

Telangiectasia

Telangiectasia

Telangiectasia refers to tiny yet enlarged blood vessels on the skin that can be easily visible. They might not have a reason for their existence but can be linked with many diseases and generally appear anywhere on the body, whether on the skin, mucous membranes or whites of the eyes. Telangiectasia does not have any […]

Tay Sachs Disease

Tay Sachs disease

Tay-Sachs disease is a fatal disease of the nervous system that generally runs through families. It mainly occurs when the body suffers from insufficient hexosaminidase A – a protein that helps in breaking down gangliosides – a chemical traced in nerve tissue. Lack of hexosaminidase A can lead to the formation of ganglioside GM2 specifically […]

Syphilis Rash

Syphilis Rash

Syphilis Rash refers to a pretty common symptom experienced by an individual who is infected with syphilis. It’s a sexually transmitted disease caused through a bacterium called Treponema Pallidum. If not treated on time, it can invite the possibility of succumbing to cardiovascular disease, blindness, neurological disorders and an eventual death. Syphilis is a communicable […]

Syphilis Pictures

Syphilis Pictures

Syphilis is referred to as a sexually transmitted disease, which is primarily caused due to bacteria and infects the genital area, mouth, lips and even anus of both males and females. It is usually occurred as a result of sexual contact with someone already infected with the disease. At the time of pregnancy, it may […]

Hives Skin

Hives Skin

Hives refer to a skin disorder in which skin becomes red and swollen (inflamed) and sometimes, is also raised. Hives on skin can occur due to many factors and are generally associated with allergens. Basically, the affected area becomes itchy which in turns causes much discomfort to the person. Many a times, hives on skin […]

Hemangioma

Hemangioma

A hemangioma is referred to as an anomalous accumulation of blood vessels into the skin or internal organs of the body, particularly in the top skin layers (called capillary hemangioma), deeper into the skin (called hemangioma), and sometimes, in a mixture of both. About 30 percent of such abnormality can be traced during birth itself, […]

Hemangioblastoma

Hemangioblastoma

A hemangioblastoma, also called a capillary hemangioblastoma, refer to the tumors of the central nervous system originating from the vascular system at the time when an individual reaches his middle age. In some cases, these tumors may erupt in the spinal cord and retina as well. Hemangioblastomas might also be related to diseases like polycythemia […]

Heat Rash

Heat Rash

Heat Rash is the name assigned to a group of skin problems that erupts due to heat exposure or excessive heat. It is also commonly referred to as ‘miliaria’ or prickly heat, which appear in tiny, pink to clear bumps over the neck or face. It is primarily caused when tiny sweat particles get trapped […]

Heart Picture

Heart Picture

The heart refers to a myogenic muscular organ that can be found in animals with all vertebrates (a circulatory system). The primary function of the heart is to pump blood through repetitive, rhythmic contractions throughout the blood vessels. The term ‘cardiac’ is a Greek word that signifies ‘linked with the heart’. The heart of a […]

Heart Disease

Heart Disease

Heart disease, as the name suggests, constitutes several diseases that affects the heart. Medically the term is called a cardiopathy or a cardiac disease. Heart, the center of the cardiovascular system, pumps blood into the body’s cells by passing through the blood vessels, carrying oxygen required by the cells, of the body. In a heart […]

Haversian System

Haversian system

Haversian system or osteon, refers to the basic functional unit of the solid compact bone. These are generally like cylindrical structures with several millimeters length-wise and about 0.2 mm in diameter, and are mainly present in the bones of different mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles. The system is said to comprise concentric layers (also called lamellae) […]

Hansen’s Disease

Hansen’s disease

Hansen’s disease, commonly known as Leprosy, refers to an infectious disorder into existence since the biblical era. It is primarily symbolized by abnormal skin sores, progressive debilitation, and nerve damage, caused due to the Mycobacteriumleprae organism. It is comparatively not much contagious with a long incubation period, making it problematic to understand when or where […]

Hand Wart

Hand Wart

Hand Wart is the most common wart among plantar, flat and seed warts. Around 7-10% of the populace experience warts. A majority of people are not even aware of the existence of warts in other parts of the body, after having experienced hand warts themselves before. Hand warts are contagious, in the sense that they […]

Hand Foot and Mouth Disease

Hand Foot and Mouth Disease

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (or HFMD) refers to a human disorder caused as a result of intestinal viruses of the Picornaviridae family, the most common ones being Coxsackie A virus and Enterovirus 71 (EV-71). It is commonly found among infant babies and children, and is somewhat contagious, as it can spread by direct contact […]

Hand Bones

Hand Bones

The hand of a human body comprises 54 bones, which are segregated into three different regions – the palm, the finger, and the wrist. The prime function of the hand is to enable the body in manipulating with the environment, in terms of holding and touching objects. Besides, the fingertips constitute one of the thickest […]

Gums

Gums

Gums, medically termed as Gingiva, comprises the mucosal tissue which lies over the alveolar bone, the thickened bone ridge containing the tooth sockets bearing teeth. Gums form a part of the mouth’s soft tissue lining that surrounds the teeth and seals them up. They are tightly bound to the main bone that resists the friction […]

Wound Infection

Wound infection

Get the five tips to heal wound infection. Sea water is natural anti-septic which helps to kill bacteria, germs off of the wound. You can raise the wounded area with sea water daily for 10 minutes. Always try to keep the wounded place dry, as germs and bacteria like moist warm places, like wounds. Avoid […]

Wilsons Disease

Wilsons Disease

The cause of the Wilsons disease is an over growth of copper in the liver. The liver utilizes the copper according to its requirements in a healthy body, then store up the rest. It takes release from the body via bile. In Wilsons disease, the liver cannot procedure the excess copper along with it constructs […]

Whiteheads

Whiteheads

Whiteheads are a type of acne. Here, the sebum or oil is blocked inside the hole. This kind of acne is not swollen or infected. They come out in the shape of tiny, white, elevated spots mainly in face. If you want to induce whiteheads, you can follow the step. The hot, wet compressor should […]

White Blood Cells

White Blood Cells

The white blood cells (termed as leukocytes) protect the body against disease-causing microorganisms and foreign agents, both in the blood as well as in the tissues. Your body creates white blood cells each and every day. It is vital to boost them in order to eliminate an infection effectively and quickly. You can take some […]

West Nile Virus

West Nile Virus

West Nile virus (WNV) is a kind of virus. It belongs to the family Flaviviridae which is the element of the Japanese encephalitis (JE) antigenic compound of viruses. This is appeared in both temperate as well as tropical regions. It mostly infects birds, though is identified to infect bats, chipmunks, skunks, domestic rabbits, crows, robins, […]

Warts

Warts

A wart are usually the small, uneven growth, usually on a hands or feet of the human but frequently on other locations, which can look like a cauliflower or a hard blister. They are reasoned by a viral infection, particularly by the human papillomavirus (HPV). There are 10 kinds of warts, the most familiar regarded […]

Vulva Dysplasia

Vulva Dysplasia

The vulva (vaginal lips) is the exterior parts of woman’s vaginal system. While, in this area, the tissues start to develop in a strange way, women are frequently diagnosed with a state called vulva dysplasia. This condition can, if left untreated, become vaginal cancer. The symptoms of vulva dysplasia disease are the growth of lesions, […]

Vulva Cancer

Vulva Cancer

Vulvar cancer is a malignant persistent growth in the vulva. It is reported for about 4 % of all type of gynecological cancers as well as affects usually women in later life. It is guessed that in 2006, in the United States, about 3,740 new instances of Vulvar cancer will be diagnosed. About 880 women […]

Vitiligo

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a skin state in that there the brown color (pigment) is lost from arenas of the skin, resulting in unequal white patches which feel as normal skin. Vitiligo occurs when immune cells wipe out the cells which generate brown pigment (melanocytes). The destruction is considered to be because of an autoimmune crisis, but […]

Verruca Vulgaris

Verruca Vulgaris

Verruca vulgaris is one of the most familiar skin expansions. In common terms, the other name of this growth is a wart. Common warts have no age bar, but they are mostly seen in children. Warts happen on fingers and hands. Since, it can appear in anywhere in the body. Verruca vulgaris happens due to […]

Vernal Conjunctivitis

Vernal Conjunctivitis

Vernal conjunctivitis is long term swelling of the outer lining of eyes because of an allergic effect. If there is a family history of allergies like asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema, the chances of Vernal conjunctivitis get high. It commonly occurs during the summer and spring. There are some symptoms of vernal conjunctivitis such as […]

Venereal Wart

Venereal Wart

Venereal Wart is a disease that can be sexually transmitted. If the partner is infected then it can be spread by direct touch of skin to skin during the genital, oral or anal sex. Some types of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) can cause this disease. Warts are one of the HPV which can be easily recognizes. […]

Vater’s Ampulla

Vater's Ampulla

Vater’s ampulla is formed by the pancreatic duct and the common bile duct together. It is also known as Hepatopancreatic Ampulla. In the major duodenal papilla, this ampulla is placed. The point which marks the anatomical conversion from foregut to midgut is the ampulla of vater. Vater’s ampulla is an important Landmark. The second part […]

Varicella

Varicella

Varicella is known as chickenpox. It is one of the typical childhood diseases. In chickenpox hundreds of itchy, fluid-filled blisters which burst and shape crusts may be developed. Chickenpox is the result of a virus. The name of the virus which causes chickenpox is varicella-zoster. It is associated with the herpesvirus family. The symptoms of […]