Clostridium perfringens

 

Clostridium perfringers, previously termed as C. welchii), refers to a Gram-positive, anaerobic and spore-forming bacterium, arising from the Clostridium genus and in the shape of a rod. It is omnipresent in nature, and as a normal element of rotten vegetation, marine sediment, soil, insects, the intestinal human tract and other vertebrates. Regarded as the third most common cause of food poisoning in the US and the UK, C. perfringens reflects infections of gas gangere, tissue necrosis, bacteremia, cholecystitis and emphysematous. It can also get involved in polymicrobial anaerobic infections. When diagnosed clinically, treatment is advised without waiting for lab test results.

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